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Neonatal Med > Volume 20(1); 2013 > Article
Neonatal Medicine 2013;20(1):146-154.
DOI:    Published online March 8, 2013.
Changes in Birth Rate, Perinatal Risk Factors and Outcome in Newborns in Multi-cultural Family: Ten-year Experience in One Center.
Hae In Jang, Joon Sik Choi, Eun Song Song, Young Youn Choi
Department of Pediatrics, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
The aim of this study is to investigate the periodical changes of birth rate, perinatal risk factors and outcome of newborns in multi-cultural families with Korean male and non-Korean, Asian female in Gwangju, Chonnnam province.
We enrolled newborns born in or transferred from other hospital to Chonnam National University Hospital between January 2001 and December 2010. They were categorized into two periods: data from 2001 to 2005 was defined as period I and from 2006 to 2010 was defined as period II. The clinical data of the birth rate, perinatal risk factors and outcome were retrospectively reviewed.
Number and rate of newborns in multicultural families increased significantly. The nationality of the mother changed: Vietnamese, Chinese and Cambodian significantly increased; and Japanese and Filipino significantly decreased. As the maternal age tended to be younger in period II, the age gap between the spouses increased, and the paternal age significantly increased, especially in age group of over 45 year-old. Among other perinatal risk factors, premature rupture of membranes and oligohydramnios were decreased. There were no statistical difference in morbidity (except hyperbilirubinemia) and mortality. However, congenital anomalies significantly increased.
As the number of newborns in multicultural families has increased, the incidence of congenital anomalies also increased. We carefully presumed this result could be caused by increasing paternal age. Careful concern and management are needed for these families and further prospective studies are needed in a larger number of subjects.
Key Words: Multi-cultural family; Newborn; Incidence; Risk factor; Outcome; Congenital anomaly
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