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Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology 2006;13(1):105-110.
Published online May 1, 2006.
Specific Prenatal Histories and Associated Congenital Anomalies Related to Hydronephrosis in Newborn Infants.
Mi So Jeong, Youn Jeong Shin, Ho Jin Park
Department of Pediatrics, Eulji University Hospital, Daejeon, Korea. esthermd@eulji.ac.kr
신생아 수신증과 관련된 산전 병력 및 동반 기형에 대한 조사
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Abstract
PURPOSE
Ultrasonography is being widely used as a standard test in obstetric care, studies on congenital hydronephrosis. Focusing on specific prenatal history and frequently associated anomalies in newborn infants with hydronephrosis, this investigation was intended to suggest particulars that need to be considered in making an accurate diagnosis of fetal hydronephrosis.
METHODS
From May 2000 to May 2005, retrospective study was conducted on 67 patients (93 kidney) who had been diagnosed by renal ultrasonography during neonatal periods. Hydronephrosis was defined as having a pelvic diameter more than 5 mm, and was classified into three groups according to their severity;mild (grade I, II), moderate (grade III) and severe (grade IV).
RESULTS
This study included 67 cases with 54 male and 13 female infants. There were 35 cases with a specific prenatal history in 22 infants such as oligohydramnios, intrauterine growth retardation, preeclampsia and others. 33 cases in 23 infants had associated anomalies such as urogenital anomalies, cardiac anomalies. Of these 67 infants (97 kidneys), 49.5% was mild, 30.1% moderate, 20.4% severe hydronephrosis. Infants with moderate hydronephrosis had more specific prenatal history and associated anomaly than the mild hydronephrosis did (68.2% vs 31.8%, P<0.001 73.7% vs 26.3%, P<0.001).
CONCLUSION
Particular attention should be paid for cases with congenital hydronephrosis with a specific prenatal history to find out any associated congenital anomalies (such as urogenital or cardiac anomalies). This will enable clinicians to establish a more appropriate treatment and postnatal care.
Key Words: Hydronephrosis, Prenatal history, Associated congenital anomaly


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