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Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology 2008;15(2):160-165.
Published online November 1, 2008.
Correlation between Cephalhematomas and Intracranial Hematomas.
Sun Min Park, Ki Won Oh, Heng Mi Kim
1Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, Korea. hmkim@knu.ac.kr
2Department of Pediatrics, Ulsan University Hospital, College of Medicine, Ulsan University, Ulsan, Korea.
신생아 두혈종과 두개내 혈종과의 연관성
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Cephalhematomas rarely lead to serious complications, such as skull fractures and intracranial hematomas, so CT and/or MRI scans are indicated only in cases in which depressed fractures are suspected or neurologic symptoms develop. Nevertheless, we have experienced several cases of cephalhematomas associated with intracranial hematomas in the absence of remarkable neurologic symptoms. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between cephalhematomas and intracranial hematomas and determine the need for neuroimaging in infants with cephalhematomas.
Infants who were admitted to the NICU with cephalhematomas and underwent neuroimaging (CT and/or MRI) between January 2002 and July 2006 were evaluated. Neuroimaging was done when the symptoms suggested the development of an intracranial hematoma.
Among 54 infants with cephalhematomas, 18 infants underwent neuroimaging. Six of 18 infants (33.3%) had intracranial hematomas, 4 infants had epidural hematomas, and 2 infants had subdural hematomas. Four of these 6 infants had neurologic symptoms or depressed skull fractures; 2 infants had no neurologic symptoms or depressed skull fractures. The neuroimaging was done to evaluate the cause of an excessive elevation of serum bilirubin and unexplained anemia. There were no remarkable differences between the infants with and without intracranial hematomas with respect to gestational age, birth weight, head circumference, diameter of the cephalhematoma, neurologic symptoms, and other clinical signs and symptoms.
Based on this study, intracranial hematomas are common complications of cephalhematomas, thus more careful inspection and neuroimaging may be needed in cases of cephalhematomas in newborns.
Key Words: Cephalhematoma; Intracranial hematoma; Neuroimaging; Newborn infant
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