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Neonatal Med > Volume 17(2); 2010 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology 2010;17(2):181-192.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5385/jksn.2010.17.2.181    Published online November 15, 2010.
Neuroprotective Effect of Dizocilpine (MK-801) via Anti-apoptosis on Hypoxic-ischemic Brain Injury in Neonatal Rats.
Min Ae Seo, Hyun Ju Lee, Eun Jin Choi, Jin Kyung Kim, Hai Lee Chung, Woo Taek Kim
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea. wootykim@cu.ac.kr
Current studies have demonstrated the neuroprotective effects of dizocilpine (MK-801) in many animal models of brain injury, including hypoxic-ischemic (HI) encephlopathy, trauma and excitotoxicity, but limited data are available for those during the neonatal periods. Here we investigated whether dizocilpine can protect the developing rat brain from HI injury via anti-apoptosis.
In an in vitro model, embryonic cortical neuronal cell culture of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats at 18-day gestation was done. The cultured cells were divided into three groups: normoxia (N), hypoxia (H), and hypoxia treated with dizocilpine (HD). The N group was prepared in 5% CO2 incubators and the other groups were placed in 1% O2 incubators (94% N2, 5% CO2) for 16 hours. In an in vivo model, left carotid artery ligation was done in 7-day-old SD rat pups. The animals were divided into six groups; hypoxia (N), hypoxia (H), hypoxia with sham-operation (HS), hypoxia with operation (HO), HO treated with vehicle (HV), and HO treated with dizocilpine (HD). Hypoxia was made by exposure to a 2 hour period of hypoxic incubator (92% N2, 8% O2).
In the in vitvo and in vivo models, the expressions of Bcl-2 in the hypoxia groups were reduced compared to the normoxia group. whereas those in the dizocilpine-treated group were increased compared to the hypoxia group. However. the expressions of Bax and caspase-3 and the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 were revealed reversely.
Dizocilpine has neuroprotective property over perinatal HI brain injury via anti-apoptosis.
Key Words: Anti-apoptosis; Dizocilpine; Hypoxic-ischemic brain injury; Neuroprotection


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