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Neonatal Med > Volume 22(3); 2015 > Article
Neonatal Medicine 2015;22(3):150-155.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5385/nm.2015.22.3.150    Published online August 31, 2015.
Gastric Perforation in the Neonatal Period: Differences between Preterm and Term Infants.
Yong Hoon Cho, Hae Young Kim, Soo Hong Kim, Shin Yun Byun, Kyung Hee Park, Young Mi Han
1Division of Pediatric Surgery, Department of Surgery, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Korea.
2Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Pusan National University School of Medicine, Yangsan, Korea. skybluehym@gmail.com
Abstract
PURPOSE
This study was performed to investigate the differences in gastric perforation in the neonatal period between preterm and term infants.
METHODS
We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of neonates who underwent abdominal surgery between January 2005 and December 2014 at a single institution. Eleven neonates who were managed for gastric perforation were enrolled in this study.
RESULTS
There were 8 preterm and 3 term neonates. In preterm neonates, the mean gestational age and birth weight were 29.7+/-3.7 weeks and 1,538.7+/-774.9 g, respectively. Two preterm neonates had very low birth weight and three had extremely low birth weight. In most of the preterm neonates, possible contributing factors were identified, such as maternal problems, mechanical ventilator support, and medication. In contrast, in term neonates, gastric perforation seemed to be associated with other gastrointestinal anomalies or occurred spontaneously. Two neonates died: one preterm (12.5%) and one term (33.3%) neonate; both had a linear, necrotic perforation.
CONCLUSION
Gastric perforation rarely occurred in the neonatal period. Contributing factors for gastric perforation were identified in preterm neonates, but this occurred spontaneously or with other gastrointestinal anomalies in term neonates. A linear, necrotic perforation was associated with poor outcomes, regardless of gestational age.
Key Words: Gastric, Perforation, Neonate


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