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Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology 1997;4(2):226-232.
Published online January 1, 2001.
Clinical Study on Neonatal Gastrointestinal Obstructions.
Chan Ho Park, Hyang Ok Woo, Hee Shang Youn
Abstract
PURPOSE
Neonatal surgical conditions affecting the gastrointestinal tract are varied, can affect any part of the intestinal tract, and frequently require urgent surgical intervention. Unfortunately, nonspecific and overlapping symptomatology exists among the conditions affecting the intra-aMominal intestinal tract and requires of the evaluating physician a thorough understanding of their pathophysiology. So we studied signs and symptoms, frequency and incidence, ages at diagnosis, and diagnostic method of the neonatal gastrointestinal obstructions.
METHOD
We reviewed retrospectively the charts of patients, who had been diagnosed as gastrointestinal obstruction during the neonatal period, and had been admitted to Gyeongsang National University Hospital from Feb. 1988 to Feb. 1997. RESULT: Total 77 cases were enrolled in this study. There were 59 rnales (76.796) and female 18 cases (23.4%). The male to female ratio was 3.28: 1. Twenty-two cases of imperforate anus (28.6%), 18 cases of hypertrophic pyloric stenosis (23.4%), 15 cases of congenital megacolon (19.5%) were observed. Other diseases causing the neonatal gastrointastinal obstruction were annulus pancreas (7.8%), jejunal atresia (6.5%), duodenal atresia (1.3%), duodenal web (2.6%), ileal atresia (2.6%), midgut volvulus (2.6%), intussusception (1.3%), and trachoesophageal fistula (2.6%). The rnost common symptom was vomiting with 32 cases (41.6%), followed by abdominal distension with 31 cases (40.3%), absence of anus with 17 cases (22.1%), and delayed meconium passage with 9 cases (11.7%). Associated other anomalies were observed in 18 cases (23%). Imperforate anus was seen with the highest rate of associated anomalies. The most common associated anomaly was the cardiac anomaly. Colon study (26%), physical examination (24.7%), abdominal sonography (15.6%), upper GI series (11.7%), and simple abdomen (9.1%) were diagnostic in the neonatal gastrointestinal obstructions. Seventeen cases (22%) were died before or after the surgical intervention.
CONCLUSION
Neonatal gastrointestinal obstructions were associated with the high mortality rate. Abdominal distension and vomiting were the specific symptoms of neonatal gastrointe- stinal obstructions. Extensive search for the associated anomalies are reqiured because of its high frequency in the patients of the neonatal gastrointestinal obstructions. Thorough physical examination, colon study, abdominal sonography, upper GI series, and simple abdomen were essential in the diagnosis of the neonatal intestinal obstructions.
Key Words: Neonate, Gastrointestinal obstruction, Symptoms, Associated anomalies


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