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Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology 1998;5(1):55-60.
Published online January 1, 2001.
The Success Rate and Complication Rate of Percutaneous Central VenousCatheterization Performed by well Trained Nurses.
Hye Kyung Lee, Young Chang Kim, Bo Lim Park
Abstract
PURPOSE
We report clinical charateristics of percutaneous central venous catheteriza- tion(PCVC) that is performed commonly as a vascular access procedure in the neonatal intensive care unit(NICU) including comparision between the success rate and com- plication rate of groups performed by a doctor and by nurses who were accustomed to the IV procedure. METHODS: We evaluated a total of 158 PCVC cases performed in the NICU of Soonchunhyang Chunan hospital over 2 years 5 rnonths from May, 1995 to September, 1997. The 24 cases of PCVC were performed by doctors and 134 cases of this proce- dures were performed by well trained nurses. We have compared success rates, clinical characteristics, insertion sites, indwelling time, causes of removal of the catheters, and associated complication of both doctor performed group (D) and nurse performed group (N) retrospectively.
RESULTS
The mean gestational age, birth weight, weight at the time of insertion were significantly lower in the doctor performed group than in the nurse group(P<0.001). There were significant differences in postnatal age and mean duration per catheter in both groups. The overall success rate of insertions was 89.9%(142/158), the success rate of doctor performed group was 54.2%(13/24) and nurse group was 96.3%(129/134) and there was significant difference(P<0.001). In the doctor performed group, 100% were axillary however in the nurse group 43.4% were axillary, 38.8% were antecubital, 9.4% were temporal, and 5.4% were hand. The most common cause of the removal of the catheter was elective in both groups but there was also substantial spontaneous removal by the patients and mechanical complication. Cultures of catheter tips were done after removal in 110 cases, among then were positive in 36 cases(33.6%), the most common causes were Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans. CONCLUSION: In this report, the authors emphasize that percutanous central venous catheterization performed by well trained nurses has a higher success rates than the doctor performed group and can be considered safe. We would also like to emphasize that more attention should be paid to the maintanace of PCVC.
Key Words: Percutaneous central venous catheteriztion, Performed by well trained Nurese


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