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Original Article
  |   J Korean Soc Neonatol._17_1_94_101.pdf
J Korean Soc Neonatol. May;17(1):94-101.
Copyright ⓒ 2010 The Korean Society of Neonatology Neonatal Medicine
Obstetric and Neonatal Outcomes of the Teenage Pregnancy
Jeong Hee Shin, M.D., Siegfried Bauer, M.D., Young Sun Yoon, M.D.*, Hyun Chul Jeong, M.D.*, Young Jun Rhie, M.D., Jang Hoon Lee, M.D., Chan Wook Woo, M.D., Byung Min Choi, M.D., Hai Joong Kim, M.D.*, Sang Hee Park, M.D. and Ji Won Song
Department of Pediatrics and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology*, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Department of Medical Social Work†, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Gyenggi-Do, Korea
ABSTRACT
Purpose : In recent years, Korea has showed a steady increase in the frequency of teenage births, while the overall birth rate has declined. As the teenage birth is known as a high risk pregnancy itself, we examined perinatal complications of teenage mothers and whose neonates in aspects of medical problem, and social status and support. Methods : We examined the perinatal characteristics of teenage mothers and whose babies, who were hospitalized at Korea University Ansan Hospital from January 2004 to July 2009 using medical records retrospectively. Twenty-seven teenage mothers and their 28 babies were enrolled in this study. Results : Teenage mothers were all unmarried and showed high rates of preterm labor, maternal anemia, and unexpected delivery. Among them, 11 (40.7%) were from families that were separated. Eleven mothers (40.7%) did not have any antenatal care. There were high rates of prematurity and low birth weight (60.7% and 64.3%, respectively). The complication included: respiratory distress syndrome, patent ductus arteriosus and necrotizing enterocolitis. Fourteen babies (51.9%) were not going to be brought up by their biological parents. Conclusion : Teenage pregnancy had high rates of preterm labor and associated complications, often caused by the lack of proper antenatal care. Babies from unmarried mothers were likely to be adopted and this could be a social burden. Therefore, to reduce unplanned teenage pregnancy and births, sex education and social supports should be provided to all teenagers.
Keywords: Teenage pregnancy, Unplanned pregnancy, Antenatal care, Newborn, Perinatal Complication
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