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Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology 2004;11(2):152-159.
Published online November 1, 2004.
Developmental Quotient of Very Low Birth Weight Infants assessed by Korean Infant Development Screening Test.
Myoung Hwa Sung, Jeoung Mi Choi, Jae Ho Yoo, Young Souk Lee, Kye Geun Hwang, Young Ah Lee
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Dong-A University, Busan, Korea. yalee@daunet.donga.ac.kr
한국형 영유아 발달검사로 평가한 극소 저출생 체중아의 발달지수
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Abstract
PURPOSE
This is to examine the neurodevelopmental outcomes of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants by Korean infant developmental screening test. METHODS: 29 VLBW infants and 39 normal term infants, at their corrected age of 1 to 3 years, were included for the study. Risk factors which influence neurodevelopmental outcomes were analyzed. RESULT: The mean levels of developmental quotients for VLBW infants were lower than those of term infants (P<0.001); gross motor 99.3+/-27.28 vs. 121.3+/-19.08, fine motor 95.9+/-27.22 vs. 118.3+/-17.77, social-personality 100.2+/-28.01 vs. 126.3+/-21.31, language 99.5+/-27.34 vs. 120.1+/-18.82, cognitive-adaptive 101.4+/-28.60 vs. 122.7+/-19.59, and total developmental quotient is 99.3+/-27 vs. 121.7+/-19.18. Nevertheless, the mean levels of the individual developmental quotients for VLBW infants were in normal range. There were five VLBW infants (17%) those who scored lower than 80, also showed neurologic sequelae. The infants who had the more risk factors during hospitalization scored the less developmental quotient (R(2)=0.35, P=0.01).
CONCLUSION
Although the mean levels of the individual developmental quotient for VLBW infants, assessed by Korean infant developmental screening test, were lower than those of term infants, they are in normal range.
Key Words: Very low birth weight infants, Korean infant development screening test, Developmental quotient


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