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Neonatal Med > Volume 19(3); 2012 > Article
Journal of the Korean Society of Neonatology 2012;19(3):140-145.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.5385/jksn.2012.19.3.140    Published online December 24, 2012.
A Comparative Study to Analyze the Proportion of Highrisk Neonates from Mothers Residing in Metropolitan Cities and Small-to-Medium-Sized Cities in Korea.
Jeong Eun Shin, Bo Ram Cheon, Jae Won Shim
Department of Pediatrics, Kangbuk Samsung Hospital, Sungkyunkwan University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. ped99@naver.com
Abstract
PURPOSE
Premature and low birth weighted (LBW) infants as well as small for gestational age (SGA) infants have a high death rate and increasing the prevalence rate. We compared the proportion of these high-risk neonates and the relevant factor between the four regional settings.
METHODS
We reviewed the data from 2005 to 2010, from the Korea National Statistics Office and compared the proportions of premature infants, LBW infants and SGA babies and the relevant factors between Seoul, metropolitan cities and small-to-medium-sized ones.
RESULTS
Premature birth rate is as follows in each area: 4.00% in Seoul, 4.21% in metropolitan areas, 4.11% in small and medium size cities, and 4.27% in small towns. SGA birth rate is slightly lower in the medium-sized cities and higher in small towns. The birth rate of low birth weight infants is higher only in small towns (3.58%). It appears that low maternal age and low maternal education levels increase these high-risk newborns. Once calibrated variables, the result showed that the risk of premature infants is higher in the metropolitan areas (OR, 1.05), and the risk of SGA (OR, 1.06) and low birth weight (1.03) is higher in a small town.
CONCLUSIONS
There were significant differences in the premature infants, low birth weight infants and SGA babies between the four different regional settings. Following the adjustment of the relevant variables, the proportion premature infant was higher in metropolitan cities and SGA babies and LBW infants were higher in small ones.
Key Words: Incidence, Premature infants, Low birth weight infant, Small for gestational age, Metropolitan, Medium sized city, Small town
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